Diagnostic Testing

Make an Appointment

    Do you remember the last time you went to see a doctor after exhibiting certain symptoms or an injury? Chances are, the healthcare provider requested some sort of diagnostic test before they could treat you. What are medical diagnostic tests, and why should you consider getting these procedures the next time you’re at the hospital?

    What are medical diagnostic tests?

    A medical diagnostic procedure is a test or examination tasked with identifying specific weaknesses and strengths in an individual. These tests can be used to diagnose medical conditions, illnesses, and various diseases.

    For instance, if the healthcare provider suspects you could be suffering from a herniated disc, he can request specific tests to diagnose the condition. In this case, some of the tests applicable include a computer-assisted tomography scan (CT scan), a magnetic resonance imaging test (MRI), or an electromyography test (EMG). These tests would help diagnose the condition and be used to determine if the disc is pressuring a nerve route.

    Essentially, medical diagnostic tests encompass a wide array of physical tests. These include both invasive and non-invasive examinations. Through diagnostic tests, healthcare providers can confirm the absence or presence of a disease in a patient.

    What is the importance of medical diagnostic tests?

    A medical diagnostic procedure is a test or examination tasked with identifying specific weaknesses and strengths in an individual. These tests can be used to diagnose medical conditions, illnesses, and various diseases.

    For instance, if the healthcare provider suspects you could be suffering from a herniated disc, he can request specific tests to diagnose the condition. In this case, some of the tests applicable include a computer-assisted tomography scan (CT scan), a magnetic resonance imaging test (MRI), or an electromyography test (EMG). These tests would help diagnose the condition and be used to determine if the disc is pressuring a nerve route.

    Essentially, medical diagnostic tests encompass a wide array of physical tests. These include both invasive and non-invasive examinations. Through diagnostic tests, healthcare providers can confirm the absence or presence of a disease in a patient.

    What is the purpose of medical diagnostic examinations?

    As highlighted above, diagnostic testing is generally used to determine and discover any underlying issues. Traditionally, diagnostic tests such as urine, stool, blood, and tissue samples were taken away, then results given to you by the physician. In recent times, and in keeping up with tech advancements, there are numerous real-time diagnostic tests.

    Diabetes monitors and pregnancy tests are examples of modern diagnostic tests that can help the doctor understand any condition or state you’re in. This helps curate an effective remedy for whatever is ailing you.

    Medical diagnostic tests are integral at every step of your treatment. The various tests will include monitoring, diagnosing, prognosis, and screening to help determine any underlying causes. Here’s a breakdown of what each diagnostic test stage means during the treatment phase;

    • Diagnosis –

      Diagnosis is the process of finding out precisely what the patient is suffering from. Initially, the healthcare professional may prescribe a diagnostic test to either affirm or rule out a particular condition.

      If the condition is found from the diagnostic test, the doctor can then implement the appropriate treatment to treat the diagnosed disease. Additionally, the doctor may order other diagnostic tests to rule out commonly associated illnesses.

      Subsequent diagnosis tests may still be carried out on the patient to examine the effectiveness of the treatment. Remember, pain is not the only symptom.

    • Screening –

      Screening mainly consists of studying individuals who are yet to exhibit any symptoms or signs of a specific illness. Screening helps to understand if an infection is quietly developing. Moreover, screening helps with the application of the most appropriate medication and treatment care before the condition can manifest or worsen.

      Screening tests are usually applied to a large segment of the population. These tests should, therefore, be readily available, cheap, and straightforward. The chief of screening tests is not to diagnose a disease but to identify individuals who may have the condition.

    • Prognosis –

      Prognosis allows medical professionals to assess the probability of a patient developing certain conditions in the future. Through prognostic tests, clinicians can help prevent the manifestation and development of specific conditions.

      Genetic tests, for instance, can be used to analyze an individual’s chance of developing certain diseases. These tests help both the doctor and the patient pay more attention to discovering early tell-tale signs of disease. Subsequently, prognostic tests can significantly aid preventive measures to specific health conditions.

    Beyond these purposes or running diagnostic tests, it is important to realize that these tests do not cure illnesses or treat patients. However, they are integral in both of these treatment stages.

    The effectiveness of these diagnostic tests largely depends on the professional’s accuracy in judging and interpreting the results. Moreover, the doctor’s interpretation will determine the treatment path followed. If you’re not certain or convinced with a diagnostic test, you can raise your concerns with the healthcare provider. In extreme cases, you can also seek a second opinion before starting any medication. However, realize this could lead to wasting valuable time that could have been used to create an effective treatment strategy.

    What are examples of medical diagnostic tests?

    Biopsy tests involve extracting small pieces of tissue from the patient’s body in order to run relevant tests. Biopsy tests can be used to diagnose various conditions.

    What is the purpose of running biopsies?

    Biopsies have wide use in the medical field. They can be used to determine if a lump in the body is cancerous or not. In other cases, biopsies can be used to check kidney and liver diseases. They can also be used to determine the progression and effectiveness of a disease and treatment.

    There are various types of biopsy tests, depending on the body part being examined. The test may involve cutting the skin to remove a small part of an organ or tissue. Needles may also be used to extract tissue with local anesthetic when appropriate.

    To prepare for a biopsy, you’ll need to get some more information from the healthcare provider. For instance, some biopsies may require you to fast for some time. Additionally, you could require a blood test, which the doctor will notify you of. You could also be asked to take some drugs before the biopsy operation.

    Serious side effects are rare after a biopsy operation. The spot where the skin incision was done may be a bit bruised and painful after the procedure, but this should disappear within a few days. Additionally, it’s equally rare to have any organ damage from a biopsy as they are exceptionally safe. However, if you have any adverse side effects after the biopsy, you’ll need to notify the healthcare professional.

    Magnetic resonance imaging scans take comprehensive pictures inside the body. MRI scans are useful in diagnosing spine and joint injuries, tumors, soft tissue injuries, and internal conditions affecting organs like the heart and brain.

    MRI scans are highly used today as they can detect issues in the arteries and veins without the need for surgery. These scans can also be used to curate and monitor treatment in the aforementioned areas.

    MRI scans provide detailed pictures, are non-invasive, and don’t have radiation. These features make the procedure highly sought-after examining bones and joints, breasts, heart and blood vessels, spine, and the brain.

    These scans are safe and can be used even during pregnancy -though, in cases of early pregnancy, you’ll need to inform the doctor before the procedure. The procedure includes lying still in a confined space for ten minutes or longer.

    Since the MRI tests include magnetic tech, patients with certain implants may not be able to use the MRI machine. For example, patients with pacemakers can’t get an MRI scan as the magnetic could react with metals in the pacemaker gadget.

    There are no distinguishable side-effects of getting an MRI examination done. The only limitation is implants and various foreign materials prohibited from the scanner. Some of the simple side effects of MRI tests include a mild reaction to the contrast dye used in the process.

    A CT scan is best described as an x-ray type test that creates comprehensive 3-dimensional images in the body. This includes images of internal organs, bones, tumors, and tissues. The CT scan machine moves in a circular-like motion taking x-ray images of very thin slices of a particular body part to create a cross-section picture.

    CT scans are more comprehensive and show pictures in greater detail as compared to 2-dimensional x-ray images. These scans can be used to diagnose various medical conditions. After an accident, for instance, CT scans can be used to determine internal bleeding and other conditions.

    Any part of the body can be scanned, although the commonly scanned areas include the chest, head, pelvis, and abdomen. The scan can also be used on soft tissues, blood vessels, bones, and even the brain.

    Due to their wide application, CT scan experiences widely vary, and each encounter may be very different. In most cases, you’ll be injected with contrast dye to improve the quality of the images.

    During the procedure, you’ll be able to communicate with the radiographer, who’s usually in the other room. The CT scan test usually takes about 10 to 20 minutes. Any warmth caused by the contrast dye should fade in a few moments.

    Some of the possible side-effects of a CT scan include an allergic reaction to the dye and exposure to radiation that may be carcinogenic. Additionally, if you are pregnant or suspect you could be, discuss the matter with the doctor before getting the procedure done.

    X-rays use radiation to form a picture of the internal body. The beams produced by x-ray machines bounce off various organs and parts of the body to create an image. This process is also called radiography.

    There are various types of x-rays, including fluoroscopy, plain radiography, CT scans, angiography, and mammography. X-ray tests can be used to diagnose injuries and diseases such as cancer, bone and chest conditions, bowel blockages, and foreign material.

    To create the image, x-rays use small amounts of radiation. Moreover, some types of x-ray tests could include slightly higher doses of radiation. These include angiography and CT scans. Pregnant women should also notify the doctor before getting the procedure as a cautionary measure.

    With the help of sound waves, ultrasound scans help create images of the body using sound waves. Ultrasound tests are non-invasive and generally painless. This test is different from a typical x-ray examination as it doesn’t have traces of radiation.

    There are various kinds of ultrasounds, including;

    • Doppler ultrasound
    • Abdominal ultrasound
    • Echocardiogram
    • Bone sonographers
    • A transvaginal ultrasound
    • 3D and 4D ultrasounds.

    Ultrasounds can be used in the examination of internal organs, ligaments and tendons, and blood lumps. The tests can also help monitor blood flow and assist with specific treatments.

    An ultrasound is usually done in minutes, and the process involves a hand-held transducer or scanner connected to a computer. Sound waves bounce around various organs to create an image of the desired part.

    A colonoscopy is a fairly invasive medical diagnostic procedure where a flexible tube is inserted into the rectum from the anus. This flexible tube is known as a colonoscopy and is used to monitor the colon. The colonoscope records images to help diagnose conditions such as cancer and irregular bowel syndrome.

    In preparation for a colonoscopy exam, you may be required to modify your diet. Usually, the doctor will advise on what you can and can’t eat. A strong laxative may also be recommended before the procedure. As with any invasive procedure, you’re also advised to take a lot of fluids.

    Get a medical diagnosis test today at Pedes.

    Are you suffering from a condition, or are you worried you could be pre-exposed to an illness? It’s essential to get relevant diagnostic testing to rule out any conditions.

    Additionally, at Pedes, you can learn how to manage various health conditions as you get treatment for the same. Don’t wait until the symptoms get too much. Visit the Pedes Orange County clinic today and get your diagnostic test today.

    What to Expect from Your Visit to Pedes

    ULTRASOUND

    ULTRASOUND

    Your treatment will begin with an ultrasound examination of your veins, arteries, or both, in your legs to diagnose the presence and extent of the disease. Your test results will be immediately available to review with the doctor.

    CONSULT