Uterine Fibroids: Comprehensive Guide of Symptoms & Side Effects

Published On: August 24th, 2023Categories: Women's Health7.7 min read

Uterine Fibroids, or uterine leiomyomas, are non-cancerous growths in or on the uterus. They can vary in size. This guide helps women understand fibroids, including their prevalence and risk factors like age, family history, obesity, and hormonal imbalances.

Being aware of fibroids and detecting symptoms early is crucial for timely medical intervention and better management. Stay informed and make calculated healthcare decisions for a better quality of life. Let’s raise awareness about uterine fibroids and women’s health together!

Prevalence and Risk Factors

Fibroids are common among women of reproductive age, affecting around 70-80% by age 50. While the exact cause remains unclear, risk factors like age, family history, obesity, and hormonal imbalances play a significant role.

Early diagnosis and understanding uterine fibroid’s impact on fertility and health are crucial for effective management. Various treatment options are available to address complications and promote overall well-being. Raising awareness empowers patients to make informed health decisions, manage their condition, and minimize its impact on their lives.

Importance of Awareness and Understanding

Being aware of fibroids is essential for every woman’s well-being. Early detection and knowledge about fibroids’ symptoms and side effects can lead to timely medical intervention and better management options. With the correct information, patients can actively participate in healthcare decisions and improve their quality of life.

Fibroid Symptoms and Side Effects

Recognizing the presence of fibroids is crucial for early intervention. However, fibroids may not always cause noticeable symptoms, making regular check-ups and screenings important.

Common Signs, Symptoms, and Early Detection

Fibroids, or uterine fibroids, can cause symptoms like heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, frequent urination, and a protruding abdomen. Other signs include constipation, back pain, and discomfort during intercourse.

Recognizing these symptoms is vital for women’s health and addressing uterine fibroids effectively. Early detection of fibroids can prevent complications and help preserve fertility. Regular pelvic exams and ultrasound screenings can aid in identifying fibroids, allowing healthcare providers to develop personalized treatment plans.

Different Types of Fibroids

Fibroids can be classified based on their location within the uterus. Subserosal fibroids grow outside the uterus, intramural fibroids develop within the uterine wall, and submucosal fibroids grow into the uterine cavity. Each type may exhibit different symptoms and require varying management approaches.

Physical Effects

As fibroids grow, they can cause the uterus to expand, leading to abdominal distension. Depending on their location and size, fibroids may alter the uterus’ shape, potentially impacting organ function and leading to discomfort.

Fibroid’s Impact on Pregnancy and Fertility

Fibroids can make pregnancy more complicated. They may lead to miscarriages or premature labor, so doctors need to monitor them closely.

Fibroids can also affect getting pregnant by blocking the fallopian tubes or making it hard for the baby to attach to the uterus. This can affect decisions about having a family and fertility treatments. It’s important for women to understand how fibroids can impact pregnancy and fertility for their health.

When to Seek Medical Advice

You should seek medical advice for fibroids if you experience the following:

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, frequent urination, or a protruding abdomen.
  • You’re pregnant with fibroids and want to get proper monitoring and management.
  • If you notice any changes in your menstrual cycle or have persistent pelvic discomfort.
  • If you have a family history of fibroids or other reproductive health issues.

Getting medical advice early can help with fibroids, leading to effective treatment and improving your health and well-being.

Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE) – An Alternative Treatment Option

Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE or Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE), or uterine artery embolization, is a minimally invasive procedure for treating symptomatic fibroids. Unlike traditional surgery, UFE doesn’t require major incisions, providing an alternative option for women seeking relief from fibroid-related symptoms.

Benefits of Uterine Fibroid Embolization:

  • Non-Surgical Approach: UFE preserves reproductive capabilities as the uterus is neither removed, impacted or harmed during the UFE procedure. UFE also allows the patient to avoid potential risks and longer recovery associated with major surgery such as a Hysterectomy.
  • Faster Recovery: UFE typically involves a shorter hospital stay and a quicker recovery than traditional surgery.
  • Symptom Relief: UFE significantly relieves fibroid-related symptoms like heavy menstrual bleeding and pelvic pain.

Other Treatment Options for Fibroids

Apart from Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE), several other treatment options are available for managing fibroids. Here are some of the commonly used treatment options:

  • Myomectomy
  • Hysterectomy
  • Hormonal Therapy
  • Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists.
  • Endometrial Ablation
  • Laparoscopic or Robotic-Assisted Myomectomy
  • Natural Remedies


Emotional and Mental Well-being

Coping with Emotional Distress

The presence of fibroids and associated symptoms can lead to emotional distress and anxiety. Coping strategies, such as mindfulness practices, counseling, and support groups, can be beneficial for managing emotional challenges.

Addressing Anxiety and Depression

Fibroids’ impact on daily life and concerns about their impact on fertility can contribute to sadness and depression. Seeking professional help and maintaining open communication with healthcare providers can alleviate mental health concerns. Connecting with others who have experienced life with fibroids can provide valuable support and insights. Online forums, local support groups, and educational resources can empower women to navigate their fibroid journey confidently.

Are Fibroids a Serious Problem?

Non-cancerous Nature

Clarifying Misconceptions about Cancer

Fibroids are benign growths, which means they are not cancerous. However, their symptoms and potential complications can still significantly impact a woman’s health and well-being. Confirming the diagnosis of fibroids is crucial for ruling out other serious conditions and tailoring appropriate treatment plans. A thorough evaluation by a qualified healthcare professional is essential to ensure accurate diagnosis and effective management.

Evaluating Severity

When Fibroids Require Medical Attention

While most fibroids are manageable and don’t require immediate treatment, certain cases may demand medical intervention. Understanding the red flags and potential complications can help women recognize when to seek urgent medical attention. Consider symptom severity, age, desire for future pregnancies, and overall health when choosing treatment for uterine fibroids. Consult a professional healthcare provider for personalized and suitable treatment plans.

Fibroids and Weight

Debunking the Weight Gain Myth

The link between fibroids and weight gain is often a subject of concern. However, fibroids themselves do not directly cause weight gain. Understanding this misconception can alleviate unnecessary anxiety.

Link between Fibroids and Weight Gain

While fibroids don’t cause weight gain, they can lead to abdominal bloating, which may create the illusion of weight gain. Specific treatments or medications prescribed for fibroids can also have weight-related side effects. Various factors, including genetics, diet, exercise, and hormonal fluctuations, influence weight management. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can promote overall well-being, regardless of the presence of fibroid(s).

Impact on Daily Life

Digestive Health

Coping with Digestive Discomfort

Fibroids positioned near the intestines can exert pressure and lead to digestive issues. Understanding the relationship between fibroids and gastrointestinal symptoms can help women address discomfort. Managing digestive discomfort involves dietary adjustments, such as fiber-rich foods, drinking plenty of water, and avoiding triggers.

Fatigue and Energy Levels

Understanding the Relationship

Fibroids can contribute to fatigue due to their impact on hormone levels and potential blood loss during heavy menstruation. Recognizing this connection can help women develop strategies to combat fatigue. Getting enough rest, regular exercise and a balanced diet can boost energy levels and reduce fatigue caused by fibroids.

Influence on Bowel Movements

Common Bowel-related Issues with Fibroids

Fibroids near the intestines can lead to bowel-related issues, such as constipation or frequent urination. Seeking professional advice for persistent problems is essential.

Aggravating Factors

Hormonal Influences

The Role of Estrogen in Fibroid Growth

Estrogen, a female sex hormone, plays a significant role in the development and growth of fibroids. Understanding hormonal influences can help women make informed decisions about treatment options. Hormonal treatments, such as hormonal birth control or GnRH agonists, may be prescribed to manage fibroid symptoms. Awareness of potential side effects and their impact on overall health is crucial.

Lifestyle and Diet

How Diet Can Affect Fibroid Development

Adopting a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, can positively influence fibroid development and overall well-being. Regular exercise, stress reduction techniques, and maintaining a healthy weight complement fibroid management efforts.

Stress and Fibroids

Unraveling the Stress-Fibroid Connection

Stress may exacerbate fibroid symptoms and lead to heightened discomfort. Employing stress reduction strategies can be beneficial for managing fibroid-related challenges. Practicing mindfulness, engaging in relaxing activities, and seeking support from loved ones can help manage stress and its impact on fibroids.


Knowing about fibroids is important for women’s well-being. Recognizing their symptoms and effects empowers women to make informed healthcare decisions, seek timely medical attention, and adopt lifestyle changes for overall health. With knowledge, women can effectively manage fibroids and lead fulfilling lives.

Do you suspect that you have uterine fibroids or are experiencing related symptoms? Seek a professional consultation with us at Pedes Orange County. As vascular disease experts, we provide comprehensive evaluations and accurate diagnoses for various health concerns. Our personalized treatment plans, including Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE), offer effective relief without major surgery.

Visit us at 1400 Reynolds Ave Suite 110, Irvine, CA 92614, and explore our website for helpful tips and information. Empower yourself with knowledge and take the first step towards better health today!

This guide is for learning purposes only and should not replace advice from a medical professional.